ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder)

ASD stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social interaction, communication, and behaviour. ASD is characterized by a range of symptoms and challenges, and it’s often referred to as a “spectrum” because individuals with ASD can vary widely in their abilities, strengths, and areas of difficulty.

Some common features of ASD include:

  • Social Challenges: Difficulty with social interactions, including difficulty understanding and interpreting social cues, making eye contact, and forming relationships.
  • Communication Difficulties: Challenges in verbal and nonverbal communication. Some individuals with ASD may have delayed language development, while others might have a rich vocabulary but struggle with conversational skills.
  • Repetitive Behaviors: Engaging in repetitive or stereotyped behaviours, such as hand-flapping, rocking, or obsessive interests.
  • Resistance to Change: Individuals with ASD often prefer routines and may become upset by changes in their environment or daily schedule.
  • Sensory Sensitivities: Heightened or reduced sensitivities to sensory stimuli, such as lights, sounds, textures, or smells.

ASD is typically diagnosed in early childhood, and early intervention services can be beneficial in addressing specific challenges. It’s important to note that ASD is a lifelong condition, but with appropriate support and interventions, individuals with ASD can lead fulfilling and meaningful lives. The term “spectrum” reflects the wide variability in how ASD manifests, from individuals with severe challenges to those with milder difficulties.