ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorder

ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) and ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) are two distinct neurodevelopmental disorders. While they share some similarities, they have different diagnostic criteria, symptoms, and impacts on individuals’ functioning. Here are some key points about ADHD and ASD:


ADHD primarily involves difficulties with attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.

  1. Core Symptoms: The core symptoms of ADHD include inattention (difficulty sustaining attention, being easily distracted), hyperactivity (restlessness, fidgeting), and impulsivity (acting without thinking, difficulty waiting for turns).
  2. Diagnosis: ADHD is diagnosed based on specific criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The diagnosis involves evaluating the presence of symptoms, their duration, and the impairment they cause in multiple settings.
  3. Impacts: ADHD can affect academic performance, work productivity, time management, and impulse control. It can also impact social relationships and emotional well-being.
  4. Treatment: Treatment for ADHD often involves a combination of medication, behavioural therapy, and supportive strategies to manage symptoms and improve functioning.
  5. Please refer to the assessment option to


  1. Focus: ASD primarily involves challenges in social communication and interaction, as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviour and interests.
  2. Core Symptoms: The core symptoms of ASD include difficulties in social interaction and communication (such as challenges in nonverbal communication, difficulty developing and maintaining relationships) and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviours (such as repetitive movements, adherence to routines).
  3. Diagnosis: ASD is diagnosed based on specific criteria outlined in the DSM-5. The diagnosis involves evaluating the presence of symptoms, their severity, and the impact on daily functioning.
  4. Impacts: ASD can affect social interactions, communication skills, sensory processing, and flexibility in thinking and behaviour. It can also impact individuals’ ability to adapt to change and engage in age-appropriate activities.
  5. Treatment: Treatment for ASD typically involves a combination of therapies, including behavioural interventions (such as applied behaviour analysis), speech therapy, occupational therapy, and social skills training. Supportive strategies are used to help individuals with ASD navigate social and educational settings.
  6. Please refer to the assessment option to

While there can be some overlap in symptoms, ADHD and ASD are distinct disorders with different diagnostic criteria and treatment approaches. It is also possible for individuals to have both ADHD and ASD, as they are not mutually exclusive. An accurate diagnosis by a qualified professional is essential to determine the appropriate interventions and support for individuals with ADHD, ASD, or both.